Early 18thc Dutch astronomical verge
Stock No. 1681
Silver case, 48 mm
Verge escapement, astronomical dial
A very rare Dutch astronomical verge, with moon phase, age of the moon, Julian and Gregorian calendars, and the time of the next high tide, all shown on the fine champleve dial.
MOVEMENT : Gilt verge movement, with four wonderful silver and gilt ornate pillars. Beautifully engraved silver balance bridge, with mock pendulum aperture. The bridge is engraved with a mythological scene showing a cherub, and inscribed INEBRANLABLE (steadfast).
Signed “Cornelis Uyterweer, Rotterdam” and numbered 241.
In very good condition, complete, and running.
DIAL : A silver champleve dial, in excellent condition.
Signed “CORNELIS UYTERWEER” on the central disc, above the cherub again looking at the moon through a telescope, and other astronomical items, eg. globe, chart.
Matching gilt hands.
The cutaway to the centre shows a revolving disk, with moon and stars, indicating the phase of the moon
Above the “XI” and the “I”, the minute digits have been omitted to make way for two square cutouts as date windows for the Julian and Gregorian calendars. They are indicated by the letters “OS” and “NS”, which stand for Old Style and New Style.
Below the reduced “XII” is a window with a gilt disc showing the age of the moon.
Above the reduced “VI” is a window in which the time of high tide in the port city of Rotterdam is indicated.
CASE : Silver, with maker’s mark “M” under a crown.
In good condition, with just some compression to the band. The pendant has been reattached. The hinge is fine and the bezel snaps shut correctly. The high dome crystal is good.
This watch would originally have had a plain outer protective case, which is now absent.
Cornelis Uyterweer (also spelt Uijterveer and Oijterweer) is listed in Rotterdam in 1705. Based on the movement serial number, this watch is a little later, around 1730.
REFERENCE : A very similar watch to this is described in detail in the excellent book “Hollandse Horloges” by Cees Peeters (page 222). That example is by Samuel Ruel (also from Rotterdam), and is described as a Captain’s watch. Obviously the state of the tide at the home port was important to the captain of a vessel.